Fundamentals Of Unani System Of Medicine
The Unani System of Medicine owes, as its name suggests, its origin to Greece and its theoretical Frame work is based on the teachings of Hippocrates and Galen, Because it was enriched by scientific base, by various countries and its people, therefore it has been known as Greece-Arab system of medicine, this system also got enriched by imbibing what was best in the contemporary systems of traditional medicine in Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Persia, India, china and other middle East and Far-East countries. In India Unani Systems of Medicine was Introduced by Arabs and soon it took firm roots in the soil. It may be added that Unani system of medicine, as practiced in India today, is quite different from the original Greek medicine. The Unani Physicians who settled in India were not content with adopting known Indian drugs only, but they subjected new drugs to clinical tests and added numerous new native drugs to their own system. It was because of its vast wealth of knowledge and experience that the system Found immediate favors with the masses and soon spread all over the country and continued to hold unchallenged sway for centuries.
The foundation of Unani System of Medicine was laid by Hippocrates (460-B.C). He was the first person to establish that diseases was a natural process, that its symptoms were the reactions of the body to the diseases, and that the chief function of the physician was to aid the natural forces of the body. He was the first physician to introduce the method of taking medical histories, the well-known Nazria Akhtar ( Humoral Theory) is also one of the chief contributions, on which the Unani system of medicine is actually based upon. If Hippocrates systematized the medicine and gave it the status of Science Galen established its foundation.